SIL pressure switch: Safety in tyre manufacturing

digital pressure gauge have an inherently high risk potential. Special pressure switches support the safety of individuals and the surroundings. Example: the vulcanisation of tyres for automobiles. To monitor this technique, leading manufacturers utilize the model MW switch from WIKA with SIL 2 rating.
Why such a pressure switch is necessary for safety in this application is shown by a look at the process: In a steam-heated press, the raw tyre is first filled up with warm water to adapt it to the inner form of the press. Then, under the influence of pressures of around 24 bar and temperatures of 150 �C to 170 �C the vulcanisation itself occurs. Along the way, with the addition of sulphur, the tyre is given its elastic and robust final shape. However, if there is no appropriate monitoring, overpressure may appear in the curing press unexpectedly. If this happens, the chance of boiling hot steam escaping is high. To eliminate such an occurrence, tyre manufacturers generally use pressure switches to ensure the safety of the process.
The model MW pressure switch with SIL 2 rating has been developed for safety-relevant applications, such as for example tyre vulcanisation.
Control of overpressure and interlocking
The instruments fulfil two functions simultaneously: On the one hand, they intervene in the event of overpressure, and alternatively, they control the internal interlocking of the curing press to avoid it from opening accidentally before vulcanisation is completed. The procedure is finished when a preset pressure value is reached. Then the pressure switch lifts the lock. This mechanism is constantly in motion in high-throughput automatic tyre production. Subsequently, the switch is continually being loaded. Consequently, it must have an extended service life as of this critical point. Premature wear would otherwise result in an unscheduled shutdown of the plant.
Lowest failure probability
Tyre manufacturers therefore require pressure switches with distinct robustness and safety. For this reason, WIKA is rolling out the model MW pressure switch for safety-relevant applications such as vulcanisation. As a mechanical device, the model MW will switch without reliance on any energy supply, an important safety aspect. A SIL 2 rating in accordance with the IEC 61508 standard certifies the functional safety of the pressure switch. Its operational safety can be SIL 2 certified. Thus, the expected service life is about 90,000 pressure cycles and switching operations. The risk assessment of the model MW in accordance with EN ISO 13849-1 by an external certification led to the best performance level ?PL e? (lowest failure probability).
Microswitches, also with argon filling
All model MW instruments have microswitches that switch electrical loads around 250V AC, 20 A directly. For certain applications, microswitch versions with argon filling offer an additional boost to safety and service life. The gas reduces oxidation, protects against corrosion and prevents sparking. For low switching powers, for example in PLC applications, there is a variant with gold-plated contacts.
Retrofitting existing plants
The model MW safety pressure switches from WIKA are also suitable for retrofitting. Regarding tyre vulcanisation, they are able to therefore help adapt existing installations to the specifications of DIN EN 16474, which was amended in 2015. This standard obliges tyre manufacturers to use new machines with improved safety technology. The regulation is supposed to avoid risks of danger in the long run.
Note
More info on the model MW pressure switches and their safety features can be found on the WIKA website. Should เกจวัดแรงดัน have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
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SIL-certified: Functional safety with mechanical switches
Mechanical pressure switches: So how exactly does one set the switch point?

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