Pt100, Pt1000 or NTC ? that is the proper sensor?

Especially the machine-building industry often asks me that is the proper measuring element for them. This is the reason why I want to explain in the following paragraphs the differences between your most commonly used sensors Pt100, Pt1000 and NTC. I’ll go into greater detail about the lesser-used measuring elements Ni1000 and KTY sensors in the comparison at the end of this article.
Application regions of Pt100, Pt1000 and NTC
Resistance thermometers based on Pt100, Pt1000 (positive temperature coefficient PTC) and NTC (negative temperature coefficient) are employed everywhere in the industrial temperature measurement where low to medium temperatures are measured. Along the way industry, Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors are used almost exclusively. In machine building, however, often an NTC is used ? not least for cost reasons. Since meanwhile the Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors are manufactured in thin-film technology, the platinum content could be reduced to the very least. As a result, the purchase price difference compared to the NTC could possibly be reduced to such an extent that a changeover from NTC to Pt100 or Pt1000 becomes interesting for medium quantities. Particularly since platinum measuring resistors offer significant advantages over negative temperature coefficients.
Advantages and disadvantages of the different sensors
The platinum elements Pt100 and Pt1000 offer the benefit of meeting international standards (IEC 751 / DIN EN 60 751). Because of material- and production-specific criteria, a standardisation of semiconductor elements such as NTC is not possible. For this reason their interchange ability is limited. Further benefits of platinum elements are: better long-term stability and better behaviour over temperature cycles, a wider temperature range as well as a high measurement accuracy and linearity. High measurement accuracy and linearity may also be possible having an NTC, but only in a very limited temperature range. While Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors in thin-film technology are suitable for temperatures up to 500�C, the standard NTC can be used for temperatures up to approx. 150�C.
Influence of the supply line on the measured value
The lead resistance affects the measurement value of 2-wire temperature sensors and must be taken into account. For copper cable with a cross-section of 0.22 mm2, the following guide value applies: 0.162 ?/m ? 0.42 �C/m for Pt100. Alternatively, a version with Pt1000 sensor can be chosen, with that your influence of the supply line (at 0.04 �C/m) is smaller by a factor of 10. The influence of the lead resistance compared to the base resistance R25 for an NTC measuring element is much less noticeable. As a result of sloping characteristic curve of the NTC, the influence at higher temperatures increases disproportionately in the event of higher temperatures.
Conclusion
In the event of high quantities, the use of NTC sensors continues to be justified because of cost reasons. For small to medim-sized lots, I would recommend the usage of a platinum measuring resistor. The usage of a Pt1000 stated in thin-film technology is really a perfect compromise between your costs on the main one hand and the measurement accuracy on the other. In the next table, I’ve compiled the strengths and weaknesses of the different measuring elements within an overview for you personally:
Strengths and weaknesses of different sensors
NTC
Pt100
PT1000
Ni1000
KTY
Temperature range
?
++
++
+
?
Accuracy
?
diaphragm seal +
++
+
?
Linearity
?
++
++
+
++
Long-term stability
+
++
++
++
+
International standards
?
++
++
+
?
Temperature sensitivity (dR/dT)
++
?
+
+
+
Influence of the supply line
++
?
+
+
+
Characteristic curves of Pt100, Pt1000, NTC, KTY and Ni1000
The characteristic curves of the different measuring elements can be seen in the following overview:
Characteristic curves of the different sensors
Note
Our temperature sensors for the machine-building industry can be found with all common measuring elements. More info can be found on the WIKA website.
Discover more about the functionality of resistance thermometers with Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors in the next video:

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